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NEET Biology Syllabus 2017 | NEET Syllabus 2017 | Download NEET Syllabus Biology 2017
The NEET test is an entrance test for those candidates who want to make their future infield of medical sciences. The NEET is only one test which gives the entry into various top rated medical colleges of across India. Here we give the detailed NEET Biology syllabus which comprises 11th and 12th class topics. Before appearing the NEET 2017 exam all candidates must have go through the NEET Biology Syllabus 2017. Following topics are considered into NEET 2017 test; please read it very carefully:-

NEET BIOLOGY Course ContentNEET Biology Syllabus CLASS XI    NEET Biology Syllabus CLASS XII

1.    Diversity in Living                                             World  Reproduction
2.    Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants              Genetics and Evolution
3.    Cell Structure and Function                                      Biology and Human Welfare
4.    Plant Physiology                                                 Biotechnology and Its Applications
5.    Human physiology                                            Ecology and environment

NEET BIOLOGY Syllabus 2017


UNIT I: Diversity in Living World

·  What  is  living?  ;  Biodiversity;  Need  for  classification;  Three  domains  of  life;  Taxonomy  &  Systematics;  Concept  of
species and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of  Taxonomy  –  Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens.
·  Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens;Viruses and Viroids.
·  Salient  features  and  classification  of  plants  into  major  groups-Algae,  Bryophytes,  Pteridophytes,  Gymnosperms  and
Angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category); Angiosperms classification up to class, characteristic features and examples).
·  Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples).

UNIT II: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

·  Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering  plants: Root, stem, leaf,
inflorescence-  cymose and recemose, flower, fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical
·  Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory,  respiratory, nervous and
reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (Brief account only)

UNIT III: Cell Structure and Function  

·  Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell
envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, NEET Biology Syllabus
Golgi  bodies,  lysosomes,  vacuoles;  mitochondria,  ribosomes,  plastids,  micro  bodies;   Cytoskeleton,  cilia,  flagella,
centrioles (ultra structure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.
·  Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids;
Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action.
·  B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.

UNIT IV: Plant Physiology

·  Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active
transport; Plant  –  water relations  –  Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water  – NEET Biology Syllabus
Absorption,  apoplast,  symplast,  transpiration  pull,  root  pressure  and  guttation;  Transpiration-Opening  and  closing  of
stomata;  Uptake  and  translocation  of  mineral  nutrients-Transport  of  food,  phloem  transport,  Mass  flow  hypothesis;
Diffusion of gases (brief mention).
·  Mineral  nutrition:  Essential  minerals,  macro  and  micronutrients  and  their  role;  Deficiency  symptoms;  Mineral  toxicity;
Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation. NEET Biology Syllabus
·  Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved
in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non cyclic and NEET Biology Syllabus
photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis. NEET Biology Syllabus
·  Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis,  fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport
system (aerobic); Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient.
·  Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant  growth rate; Conditions of growth;
Differentiation,  dedifferentiation  and  redifferentiation;  Sequence  of  developmental  process  in  a  plant  cell;  Growth           NEET Biology Syllabus
regulators-auxin,gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism.

UNIT IV: Human Physiology

·  Digestion  and  absorption;  Alimentary  canal  and  digestive  glands;  Role  of  digestive  enzymes  and  gastrointestinal  hormones;
Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates
and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
·  Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of  breathing
and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders
related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
·  Body fluids and circulation: Composition  of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function;
Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation;
Regulation  of  cardiac  activity;  Disorders  of  circulatory  system-Hypertension,  Coronary  artery  disease,  Angina  pectoris,  Heart
·  Excretory  products  and  their  elimination:  Modes  of  excretion-  Ammonotelism,  ureotelism,  uricotelism;  Human  excretory
system-structure  and  fuction;  Urine  formation,  Osmoregulation;  Regulation  of  kidney  function-Renin-angiotensin,  Atrial
Natriuretic  Factor,  ADH  and  Diabetes  insipidus;  Role  of  other  organs  in  excretion;  Disorders;  Uraemia,  Renal  failure,  Renal
calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.
·  Locomotion  and Movement: Types of movement-  ciliary, fiagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle-  contractile proteins and muscle
contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of
muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.
·  Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans-  central nervous system, peripheral nervous
system  and  visceral  nervous  system;  Generation  and  conduction  of  nerve  impulse;  Reflex  action;  Sense  organs;  Elementary
structure and function of eye and ear.
·  Chemical  coordination  and  regulation:  Endocrine  glands  and  hormones;  Human  endocrine  system-Hypothalamus,  Pituitary,
Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as
messengers  and  regulators,  Hypo-and  hyperactivity  and  related  disorders  (Common  disorders  e.g.  Dwarfism,  Acromegaly,
Cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease).
(Imp: Diseases and disorders mentioned above to be dealt in brief.)


UNIT I: Reproduction

·  Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for  continuation of species; Modes of
reproduction  –  Asexual  and  sexual;  Asexual  reproduction;  Modes-Binary  fission,  sporulation,  budding,  gemmule,
fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.
·  Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollinationtypes, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization eventsDevelopment  of  endosperm  and  embryo,  Development  of  seed  and  formation  of  fruit;  Special  modes-apomixis,
parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
·  Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesisspermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation;
Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).
·  Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention  of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth controlNeed and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted
reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).

UNIT II: Genetics and Evolution

·  Heredity  and  variation:  Mendelian  Inheritance;  Deviations  from  Mendelism-Incomplete  dominance,  Co-dominance,
Multiple  alleles  and  Inheritance  of  blood  groups,  Pleiotropy;  Elementary  idea  of  polygenic  inheritance;  Chromosome
theory  of  inheritance;  Chromosomes  and  genes;  Sex  determination -In  humans,  birds,  honey  bee;  Linkage  and  crossing
over; Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal
disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
·  Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic  material and DNA as genetic  material; Structure of DNA and RNA;
DNA  packaging;  DNA  replication;  Central  dogma;  Transcription,  genetic  code,  translation;  Gene  expression  and
regulation-Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA finger printing.
·  Evolution:  Origin  of  life;  Biological  evolution  and  evidences  for  biological  evolution  from  Paleontology,  comparative
anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism
of  evolution-Variation  (Mutation  and  Recombination)  and  Natural  Selection  with  examples,  types  of  natural  selection;
Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.

UNIT III: Biology and Human Welfare

·  Health  and  Disease;  Pathogens; parasites  causing  human  diseases  (Malaria,  Filariasis,  Ascariasis.  Typhoid, Pneumonia,
common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm); Basic concepts of  immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence,
drug and alcohol abuse.
·  Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal
·  Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and
as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.

UNIT IV: Biotechnology and Its Applications

·  Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).
·  Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically
modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.

UNIT V: Ecology and environment

·  Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism,
competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.
·  Ecosystem: Patterns, components;  productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy;
Nutrient  cycling  (carbon  and  phosphorous);  Ecological  succession;  Ecological  Services-Carbon  fixation,  pollination,
oxygen release.
·  Biodiversity and its conservation:  Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of
Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves,
National parks and sanctuaries.
·  Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid
waste  management;  Radioactive  waste  management;  Greenhouse  effect  and  global  warning;  Ozone  depletion;
Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.

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