Friday, 7 October 2016

JKBOPEE CET Biology syllabus JK CET | JKBOPEE Biology syllabus 2017 | Jammu & Kashmir CET Biology syllabus 2017 www.jakbopee.net

JKBOPEE CET Biology syllabus 2017 | JKBOPEE Biology syllabus 2017 | Jammu & Kashmir CET Biology syllabus 2017

In the JKOPEE CET 2017 exam biology is also a compulsory subjects for medical stream students. In the jkbopee cet exam Physics, chemistry and bioligy subjects will be coming in these exam.Here we want to serve jkbopee cet biology syllabus 2017 for jkbopee exam.
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UNIT-1: DIVERSITY AND CLASSIFICATION OF PLANTS           (Marks: 03)
Systematics—need  and  history;  Salient  features  of  two  and  five  kingdom  systems  and  their  merits  and  demerits;  types  of classifications  (artificial,  natural  and  phylogenetic);  General  characters  of  algae,  fungi,  bryophytes,  pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms; Status of some acellular organisms like viruses and viroids;; Lichens---basic characteristics.Botanical gardens and herbarium.
UNIT-2: MORPHOLOGY AND ANATOMY OF PLANTS           (Marks: 03)
Morphology  of  root,  stem  and  leaf  and  their  modifications;  types  of  inflorescence,  flower,  fruit  and  seed.  Description  of
Liliaceae, Fabaceae and Solanaceae. Tissues and tissue system: Types of tissues (meristematic and permanent). Anatomy of
dicot and monocot root, stem and leaves; secondary growth.


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UNIT-3: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY                    (Marks: 07)
Transport  in  plants:  Mechanisms  of  transport—diffusion,  facilitated  diffusion,  passive  and  active  transport,  antiport  and
symport. Plant water relations: Water potential; osmosis; plasmolysis; imbibition; long  distance transport of water; apoplast, symplast pathways; ascent of sap; root pressure theory, tanspirational pull theory and cohesion -tension theory. Transpiration:
mechanism of opening and closing of stomata, guttation; phloem transport (Mass Flow hypothesis), diffusion of gases.

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Mineral Nutrition: Essential Minerals; macro and micro nutrients—their role and deficiency symptoms and mineral toxicity.
Mechanism  of  nutrient  uptake  by  plants  from  soil.  Hydroponics.  Nitrogen  metabolism—nitrogen  cycle,  nitrogen  fixation.
Photosynthesis: site of photosynthesis; various photosynthetic pigments; mechanism of light reaction; photophosphorylation
(cyclic  and  non-cyclic);  Dark  reaction-fixation  of  carbon  dioxide  (C3  cycle,  C4  cycle);  factors  affecting  photosynthesis;
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photorespiration.  Respiration:  Exchange  of  gases,  cellular  respiration;  glycolysis,  Krebs  cycle,  Electron  Transport  System;
Aerobic and anaerobic respiration; respiratory quotient. Growth and Development: Characteristics and phases of plant growth;
growth  curve;  differentiation,  dedifferentiation  and  redifferentiation;  plant  growth  regulators -discovery,  nature  and
physiological effects of auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, ethylene and abscisic acid. Photoperiodism and vernalisation.
UNIT-4: REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS             (Marks: 04)
Modes  of  reproduction  in  flowering  plants  (Vegetative,  asexual,  sexual  and  micropropagation);  development  of  male  and
female  gametophytes;  Pollination—types,  agencies  and  examples;  in-breeding  and  out-breeding  devices,   pollen-pistil
interaction;  double  fertilization;  post-fertilization  events;  development  of  endosperm,  embryo,  seed  and  fruit;  apomixis  and
polyembryony—types and importance.
UNIT-5: GENETICS                     (Marks: 05)
Heredity  and  variation  (somatic  and  germinal);  Mendel‘s  laws  of  inheritance;  deviations  from  Mendelism;  incomplete
dominance; co-dominance; multiple alleles; pleiotropy; Polygenic Inheritance; Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance.
Evidence for DNA as genetic material; structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Protein synthesis—
trancription, translation, genetic code; gene expression and regulation (lac -operon).
UNIT-6: ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT             (Marks: 05)
Meaning  of  ecology,  community,  niche.  Population  and  ecological  adaptations:  Characteristics  of  populations  natality,
fecundity  &  mortality,  age  distribution;  population  interactions,  competition,  predation,  parasitism  and  mutualism.
Ecosystems:  Biotic  and  abiotic  components;  energy  flow,  nutrient  cycling  (carbon  and  phosphorus),   decomposition  and
primary  productivity;  pyramids  of  number,  biomass  and  energy;  ecological  succession  types.  Food  chain  and  food  web.
Biodiversity and its conservation: threats to biodiversity; megabiodiversity countries and biodiversity hotspots; IUCN threat
categories; in situ and ex situ methods of biodiversity conservation. Environmental issues: Causes and consequences of air an d
water  pollution  and  their  control;  solid  waste  management;  agrochemicals  and  their  effect;  greenhouse  effect  and  global
warming; stratospheric ozone layer depletion—causes and consequences.
UNIT- 7: BIOLOGY AND HUMAN WELFARE               (Marks: 03)
Plant  breeding:  Introduction,  steps  in  plant  breeding  and  application  of  plant  breeding;  Biofortification,  Tissue  culture:
Cellular  totipotency;  technique  and  application  of  tissue  culture  Microbes  in  human  welfare:  Role  of  microbes  in  food
processing; industrial production; sewage treatment; energy production (biogas); biopesticides and biofertilizers  .  Genetically
Modified Organisms (GMOs); Bt crops, biopiracy and patents.
UNIT-8: DIVERSITY IN THE LIVING WORLD               (Marks: 02)
Characteristic  features  of  living  organisms  Salient  features  of  different  animal  phyla  (non-chordates  upto  phylum  level,
chordates upto class level) National parks of India with special reference to J&K State:-  Dachigam National Park,Hemis High
altitude National park  and Kishtwar High altitude National park.
UNIT-9: HISTOLOGY & MORPHOLOGY               (Marks: 02)
Animal Tissues:- Epithelial, Connective, Muscular and Nervous.
Elementary knowledge on morphology & anatomy of Frog, Earthworm and Cockroach.
UNIT-10: CELL-STRUCTURE & FUNCTION              (Marks: 04)
Modern cell theory, Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, cell wall, cell membrane  :-  structure & function (fluid mosaic model).
Cell  organelles  (Plastids,  Mitochondria,  Endoplasmic  reticulum,  Golgi  bodies/  dictyosomes,  Riobosomes,  Lysosomes,
Nucleus, Vacuoles, Centrioles, cilia & Flagella)  Cell division: Cell cycle, Mitosis and Meiosis  Bio molecules: Structure and
function  of  carbohydrates,  proteins,  lipids  and  nucleic  acids.  Primary  and  secondary  metabolites.  Metabolism  Enzymes:
Types, properties functions and factors controlling enzyme activity.
UNIT-11: HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY                 (Marks: 08)
Alimentary canal, digestion and absorption of food, disorders of digestive system (jaundice, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation,
indigestion etc.) Respiratory organs, mechanism of breathing, respiratory volumes and capacities, transport of gases (oxygen
and carbon dioxide), disorders of respiratory system (asthma, emphysema, fibrosis etc.) Circulatory system: -  Blood & lymph
and  their  functions,  blood  groups,  coagulation  of  blood,  human  heart,  cardiac  cycle,  ECG,  double  circulation,  disorders  of
circulatory  system.  (hypertension,  coronary  artery  disease,  angina,  heart  failure).  Excretory  products  and  their  elimination.
Modes  of  Excretion;  Ammonotelism,  Ureotelism  and  Uricotelism.  Human  excretory  system,  urine  formation,  functions  of
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tubules, mechanism of concentration of the filtrate, regulation of kidney function, micturition, role of other organs in excr etion
(lungs,  liver  and  skin),  haemodialysis  and  peritoneal  dialysis,  d isorders  of  the  excretory  system  (kidney  failure,
glomerulonephritis, renal calculi) Types of movement (amoeboid, ciliary and muscular), different types of muscles, structure
of contractile proteins (actin and myosin), mechanism of muscle contraction, joints, disorders of muscular and skeletal system
(Myasthenia gravis, muscular dystrophy, tetany, arthritis, gout, osteoporosis) Human nervous system, neuron as a structural
and functional unit of nervous system, generation and conduction of nerve impulse, tra nsmission of impulses, reflex action and
reflex  arc,  structure  and  functioning  of  the  sense  organs  (eye  and  ear)  Endocrine  glands,  Mechanism  of  hormone  action,
hormones of heart, kidney and gastrointestinal tract.
UNIT-12: REPRODUCTION                   (Marks: 06)
Asexual  reproduction:-  Characteristics  and  types  of  asexual  reproduction  (binary  fission,  sporulation,  budding,  gemmules,
fragmentation, regeneration).  Human reproduction:-  male and female reproductive system, microscopic anatomy of testis and
ovary,  spermatogenesis  and  oogenesis,  menstrual  cycle,  fertilization,  embryo  development  upto  blastocyst  formation,
implantation, pregnancy and placenta formation, parturition and lactation Reproductive health: -  need for reproductive health,
sexually  transmitted  diseases  and  their  control  and  prevention.  Birth  control  :-  its  need  and  methods,  contraception  and
medical  termination  of  pregnancy  (MPT),  amniocentesis,  infertility  and  associated  reproductive  technologies
(IVF,ZIFT,GIFT).
UNIT-13: GENETICS AND EVOLUTION               (Marks: 03)
Sex determination in humans, birds and honey bee. Inheritance pattern of Mendelian disorders in humans (colour blindness,
haemophilia, cystic fibrosis, sickle-  cell anaemia, phenylketonuria, thalesemia ) Chromosomal disorders in human s:-  Down‘s
syndrome, Turner‘s syndrome and Klinefelter‘s syndrome Genome and human genome project. DNA fingerprinting. Origin of
life, theories and evidences for evolution  with special reference to Darwinian theory, and Modern synthetic theory, Hardy Weinberg principle, Adaptive radiation. Origin and evolution of man.
UNIT-14: BIOLOGY AND HUMAN WELFARE             (Marks: 03)
Health  and  Diseases:-  basic  concepts  of  immunology,  vaccines,  common  diseases  in  human  beings  (their  causative  agents,
symptoms,    prevention  and  control)  with  reference  to  thyphoid,  hepatitis,  malaria,  filariasis,  bubonic  plague,  ascariasis,
common  cold,  amoebiasis  and  ring  worm.  Detailed  account  of  diseases  like  cancer  and  HIV/  AIDS.  Insects  and  human
welfare:-  Silk, honey and lac producing insects, their life-  cycle and usefulness of their products. Poultry and Diary Farming.
Adolescence and drug and alcohol abuse (effects of drug/ alcohol abuse, prevention and control.
UNIT –15: BIOTECHNOLOGY AND ITS APPLICATIONS              (Marks: 02)
Genetic  engineering  (recombinant  DNA  technology),  cloning.  Biotechnological  production  of  human  insulin,  vaccines  and
growth hormone. Gene therapy.Bio safety/ ethical issues regarding recombinant DNA technology.


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