Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan -A government Scheme - CETJob
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Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan -A government Scheme

Sarva shiksha abhiyan (Education for all movement) is a programme launched   by Indian government in 2001.
          The main aim of launching   this programme was making free and compulsory education to children between the age of 6 to 14.
The programme   was pioneer by the former Indian prime minister   Atal   Bihari  Vajpayee .
SSA  is running from 2000 – 2001 ,it was already originated in 1993-1994 with the objective of universal prime education.
It realy affects to lot of states and it covers approximately 272 districts in 18 states of the entire country .The overall expenditure was shared by the central government of that time and the state government too.World bank also contributed their some part to this great agenda
Now the programme was certainly growing up and the total fund reached to US$ 1500 million  and it was a reach to more than 50 million children around the country .
                The right to education act (RTE) came into movement on 1 april 2010 so with that some policy maker start believing that , by passing this act SSA has acquires the important legal force for its implementation .

The important main feature of sarva shiksha abhiyan are
·       The basic quality education all over  the country .
·       Opportunities for promoting social  justice through basic education .
·       Partnership between the central state and local government .

The important objectives of sarva shiksha abhiyan
·       All children complete 5 years of primary schooling by 2007.
·       All children complete elementary schooling by 2010.
·       Focus on elementary education  of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education over life .

                   It is a national wise sub programme of sarva shiksha abhiyan .This programme was originated so that the children who were not able to read and learn in early education so this programme was started for these kind of children  in class I and II .
Approximately 762 crore was approved to the states.
The programme was not just for funding and books and providing a decent environment of study but also for mentoring the teacher .SSA  has become one of the most successful scheme it has passed so many bridges like gender inequalities and other social issues etc. It fills all the gap of social inequalities with the help of SSA opening of new school and alternate schooling facilities , construction of school and additional classroom toilets and drinking water , provisioning of teacher , regular teacher in service training and academic resources support , free textbook and uniform and support for improving learning abilities  With the passage of the RTE Act, changes have been incorporated into the SSA approach, strategies and norms. The changes encompass the vision and approach to elementary education, guided by the following principles : Holistic view of education, as interpreted in the National Curriculum Framework 2005, with implications for a systemic revamp of the entire content and process of education with significant implications for curriculum, teacher education, educational planning and management. Equity, to mean not only equal opportunity, but also creation of conditions in which the disadvantaged sections of the society – children of SC, ST, Muslim minority, landless agricultural workers and children with special needs, etc. – can avail of the opportunity. Access, not to be confined to ensuring that a school becomes accessible to all children within specified distance but implies an understanding of the educational needs and predicament of the traditionally excluded categories – the SC, ST and others sections of the most disadvantaged groups, the Muslim minority, girls in general, and children with special needs. Gender concern, implying not only an effort to enable girls to keep pace with boys but to view education in the perspective spelt out in the National Policy on Education 1986 -1992 a decisive intervention to bring about a basic change in the status of women. Centrality of teacher, to motivate them to innovate and create a culture in the classroom, and beyond the classroom, that might produce an inclusive environment for children, especially for girls from oppressed and marginalised backgrounds. Moral compulsion is imposed through the RTE Act on parents, teachers, educational administrators and other stakeholders, rather than shifting emphasis on punitive processes.
·       The system is looking for opening the new schools in those place where there are no school facilities and no fund for school infrastructure , and the system is looking for making the school building which has classroom , toilet ,library ,drinking water etc.
·       The existing schools are having teacher and giving opportunity to other teacher by severe training and teacher training material .

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