CENTRAL GOVERNMENT SCHEMES:-MNREGA (MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GOVERNMENT ACT):-2005
Rural Employment Guarantee Act" (or, MGNREGA).it is a Indian labour law and social security scheme that aims to guarantee the 'right to work'. It enhances livelihood in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial.
rising from MINIMUM 200 districts on 2 February, 2006. the NREGA covered ALMOST all the districts of India from 1 April 2008. IT is hailed by the government as "the largest and most ambitious social security and public works programme in the world". The law provides many safeguards to promote its effective management and implementation. In its World Development Report 2014, the World Bank termed it a "good example of rural development".
The MGNREGA was initiated with the objective of "enhancing livelihood security in rural areas.
in 1960, the first 30 years of experimentation with employment schemes in rural areas taught few important lessons to the government like the ‘Rural Manpower Programme’ gave the lesson of financial management.
According to the Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007–12), the number of Indians living on less than rupees 50 a day, called Below Poverty Line (BPL), was 300 million that barely declined over . The NDA government has decided to provide 150 days for rain hit areas. the last three decades ranging from 1973 to 2004, although their proportion in the total population decreased from 36 per cent (1993–94) to 28 percent (2004–05), and the rural working class dependent on agriculture was unemployed for nearly 3 months per year.
THE LAW AND CONSTITUTION OF INDIA:
The Act aims to follow the Directive Principles of State Policy enunciated in Part IV of the Constitution of India. Also the process of decentralization initiated by 73rd Amendment to the Constitution of India.The law by providing a 'right to work' is consistent with Article 41 that directs the State to secure to all citizens the right to work.
THE LAW IN ACTION:
INDEPENDENT ACDEMIC RESEARCH:
Researches has focused on many dimensions of the NREGA: economic security, self-targeting, women's empowerment, asset creation, corruption, how the scheme impacts agricultural wages. An early overall assessment in the north India states suggested that NREGA was "making a difference to the lives of the rural poor, slowly but surely."
ASSESMENT OF THE ACT BY CONTITUTIONAL AUTHOR:
The second performance audit by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of Indiacovered 3,848 gram panchayats (GPs)in 28 statesand 4 union territories (UTs)from April 2007 to March 2012The main problems identified in the audit included: a fall in the level of employment, low rates of completion of works (only 30.3 per cent of planned works completed)
NEW AMMENDMENTS PROPOSED IN 2017:
Finance Minister ArunJaitley announced Rs. 48,000 crore to be allocated to the MGNREGA as a part of 2017 Union budget of India.
NREGA has been criticised for its corruption. It has been said that individuals have received benefits and work payments for work they had not done, or have done only in paper, or not poor. In 2014-15, upto 28% of the payments were made on time to workers.
save manrega schemes:
1.) There must be 100 days of work for valid card holders.
2.) It should be extended upto urban areas also.
3.) Job card facility should be given in 15 days to whom who wants job.
4.) Government of india should increase the wages from rupees 200 to rupees 300 per day.