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NEST Syllabus Physics 2018| *NEST Physics Syllabus* 2018| National Entrance Screening Test Syllabus Physics 2018 | NEST 2018 Syllabus Physics | NEST 2018 Physics Syllabus | National Entrance Screening Test 2018 Syllabus Physics

**NEST Syllabus Physics General**

Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis. least count, significant figures. Methods of

measurement (Direct, Indirect, Null) and measurement of length, time, mass, temperature,

potential difference, current and resistance.

Design of some simple experiments. Identification of independent, dependent and control

variables. Identification of sample size, range and interval. Identification of appropriate

measurement techniques and instruments.

Graphical representation, interpretation and analysis of data. Errors in the measurements and error analysis.

*NEST Syllabus Physics*Mechanics

Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles. Uniform

circular motion. Relative velocity. Newton’s lawsof motion. Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference. Static and dynamic friction. Kinetic and potential energy. Work and power. Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy.

Systems of particles. Centre of mass and its motion. Impulse. Elastic and inelastic collisions.

Law of gravitation. Gravitational potential and field. Acceleration due to gravity. Motion of

planets and satellites in circular orbits. Escape velocity.

Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes. Angular momentum, Torque. Conservation of angular momentum. Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation. Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders and spheres. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. Collision of point masses with rigid bodies.

Linear and angular simple harmonic motions. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus.

Pressure in a fluid. Pascal’s law. Buoyancy. Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise.

**Viscosity**- Stoke’s and Poiseuille’s law, Terminal velocity. Streamline flow, equation of

continuity. Bernoulli’s theorem.

Plane wave motion, longitudinal and transverse waves, superposition of waves. Progressive and stationary waves. Vibration of strings and air columns. Resonance. Beats. Speed of sound in gases. Doppler effect (in sound).

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**NEST Syllabus Physics Thermal physics**

Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases. Calorimetry, latent heat. Heat conduction in one dimension. Elementary concepts of convection and radiation. Newton’s law of cooling.

Ideal gas laws. Specific heats ( CVand CP) for monoatomic and diatomic gases). Isothermal

and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of gases. Equivalence of heat and work. First and

second law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases). Entropy. Blackbody radiation - absorptive and emissive powers. Kirchhoff’s law. Wien’s displacement law, Stefan’s

NEST Syllabus Physics Electricity and magnetism

Coulomb’s law. Electric field and potential. Electrical potential energy of a system of point

charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field; Electric field lines. Flux of

electric field. Gauss’s law and its application in simple cases, such as to find field due to

infinitely long straight wire. uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin

spherical shell.

Capacitance - Calculation of capacitance with and without dielectrics. Capacitors in series

and parallel. Energy stored in a capacitor.

Electric current. Ohm’s law. Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells.

Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current.

Biot-Savart’s law and Ampere’s law. Magnetic field near a current carrying straight wire, along

the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid. Force on a moving charge and

on a current carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field.

Magnetic moment of a current loop. Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop.

Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter,ammeter and their conversions.

Electromagnetic induction - Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law. Self and mutual inductance. RC, LR

and LC circuits with and A.C. Sources.

NEST Syllabus Physics Optics

Rectilinear propagation of light. Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces,

Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism. Thin lenses. Combination of mirrors and thin lenses.

Magnification.

Wave nature of light - Huygen’s principle, interference limited to Young’s double slit

experiment. Elementary idea of diffraction – Rayleigh criterion. Elementary idea of polarization

– Brewster’s law and the law of Malus.

**NEST Syllabus Physics Modern physics**

Atomic nucleus. Alpha, beta and gamma radiations. Law of radioactive decay. Decay

constant. Half-life and mean life. Binding energy and its calculation. Fission and fusion

processes. Energy calculation in these processes.

Photoelectric effect. Bohr’s theory of hydrogen like atoms. Characteristic and continuous Xrays, Moseley’s law. de Broglie wavelength of matter waves. Heisenberg’s uncertainty

principle.

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